This is the home land of Gurung people, an ethnic group renowned for bravery in the GURKHAS. They speak their own unwritten language, a member Of Sino Tibetan family and names of villages don’t transliterate accurately in to Nepali. The term Annapurna Sanctuary, coined by outsiders, denotes the high basin South west of Annapurna and the head waters of the Madi Khola. This vast amphitheatre, surrounded by Himalayan giants, was explored by jimmy Roberts in 1956 and brought to the attention of the Western world by the British Expedition to Machapuchhare in 1957.The gigantic mountains named for the goddesses Annapurna and Gangapurna, important figures in Hindu myth and folklore, justify calling it a sanctuary. Its gate, the deep gorge between the peaks Hiunchuli and Machapuchhare, marks a natural division between the dense rain forest and bamboo jungle of the narrow Modi Khola river valley and the scattered summits and immense walls of the mountain fortress inside. This area is also referred to as the Annapurna Base Camp and the Machapuchhare Base Camp.